The chicago reference style

If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. If you are unsure about which system to use, read on.

The chicago reference style

When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition Summary: This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.

These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in The other documentation style, the Author-Date System, is nearly identical in content but slightly different in form and is preferred in the social sciences.

This manual, which presents what is commonly known as the "Turabian" citation style, follows the two CMOS patterns of documentation but offers slight modifications suited to student texts. Notes and Bibliography NB in Chicago style The Chicago NB system is often used in the humanities and provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through footnote or endnote citation in their writing and through bibliography pages.

It also offers writers an outlet for commenting on those cited sources. The NB system is most commonly used in the discipline of history. The proper use of the NB system can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the intentional or accidental uncredited use of source material created by others.

Most importantly, properly using the NB system builds credibility by demonstrating accountability to source material. Introduction to Notes In the NB system, you should include a note endnote or footnote each time you use a source, whether through a direct quote, paraphrase, or summary.

Footnotes will be added at the end of the page on which the source is referenced, and endnotes will be compiled at the end of each chapter or at the end of the entire document. In either case, a superscript number corresponding to a note with the bibliographic information for that source should be placed in the text following the end of the sentence or clause in which the source is referenced.

If a work includes a bibliography, which is typically preferred, then it is not necessary to provide full publication details in notes.

If you cite the same source again, or if a bibliography is included in the work, the note need only include the surname of the author, a shortened form of the title if more than four wordsand page number s. However, in a work that does not include a bibliography, it is recommended that the full citation be repeated when it is first used in a new chapter.

In the NB system, the footnote or endnote itself begins with the appropriate full-sized number, followed by a period and then a space. Introduction to Bibliographies In the NB system, the bibliography provides an alphabetical list of all sources used in a given work.

This page, most often titled Bibliography, is usually placed at the end of the work preceding the index.A citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting. How to do I choose a citation style?

Chat for citation help!

There are many different ways of citing resources from your research. Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources.

Each example of a reference list entry is accompanied by an example of a corresponding in-text citation. For more details and many more examples, see chapter 15 of The Chicago Manual of Style.

For examples of the same citations using the notes and bibliography system, follow the Notes and Bibliography link above.

[BINGSNIPMIX-3

For more examples, see 1 5. 40 – 45 in The Chicago Manual of Style.. Chapter or other part of an edited book.

The chicago reference style

In the reference list, include the page range for the chapter or part. In the text, cite specific pages. Chicago referencing style is a widely used referencing system to help you achieve these objectives.

How do I use it? The Chicago style involves two tasks: How you reference sources through numbered footnote or endnote citation as opposed to in text citation.

Citation Machine helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your book in Chicago/Turabian format .

Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition // Purdue Writing Lab