Lexical cohesion in academic writing

Many students ask me if writing task 1 and task 2 are worth the same points and how the examiner gives a final total score. Will I get the same score for task 1 and task 2? Are they marked together?

Lexical cohesion in academic writing

Question You might see a line graph like this one in Task 1. The ability to describe changes over time is a key skill in line graph tasks.

The diagram shows the consumption of renewable energy in the USA from Write a word report for a university lecturer identifying the main trends and making comparisons where relevant. Model Answer The line graph shows growth in the consumption of renewable energy during the period in the USA.

IELTS Writing Task 1: Line Graph with Sample Answer

The results are also broken down by source. The first thing to note is that renewable energy use more than doubled over the period, with particularly strong growth in biofuels. This sector did not exist in but experienced a steep rise during the s to over one quadrillion Btu per year. This made biofuels a serious challenger to both wood and hydroelectric power, which both saw only limited growth overall.

The former grew steadily between andbut then slipped back to around its original level of 1. The latter began the period at the same level as wood but experienced more substantial growth. However, it also fell back to around 2 quadrillion Btu, with a particularly sharp drop in the late s.

The model answer describes the overall trend first, followed by an analysis of the different energy sources. Numerical evidence is used sparingly to illustrate the trends.

The main trends are used as the basis of a prediction in the final sentence. Trends are explained in general terms first, followed by supporting figures.

Some energy sources are grouped together for ease of understanding.

lexical cohesion in academic writing

Grammatical range and accuracy: The model answer is free from grammatical errors. Sentence forms are complex and include relative clauses and linking words such as with. Punctuation is also used carefully and accurately throughout. Even though you are only supposed to describe what is shown in the graph, a nice way to end is to make a prediction about the future based on the current trend.

Would you like me to check your IELTS writing answers and give you expert feedback based on the official scoring criteria?IELTS Writing Task 1: Model Answer.

The line graph shows growth in the consumption of renewable energy during the period in the USA. The results are also broken down by source.

lexical cohesion in academic writing

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Colour code this short piece of creative writing to show how the cohesion is created. To colour code a word you should highlight the word, then choose a colour from the drop down menu next to the capital ‘A’, in the tool bar at the top of your word processor.

There are two types of the IELTS test: IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training. Listening and Speaking are the same for both tests, but the subject matter of the Reading and Writing components differs depending on which test you take.

Learn how to teach IELTS Writing in ways that are fun, encourage learner independence, and get results for your students.

Cohesion and Coherence