Although mass media tends to pay a lot of attention to one problem while completely ignoring others, still referring to them is a sound way to learn about major social, political, and cultural issues. Today, along with news about diplomatic scandals, wars, epidemics, and economic crises, headlines are often dedicated to teen pregnancy, which is a real scourge of modern American society. By teen pregnancy, experts usually understand it to be pregnancy among young women between the ages of 15 and 17 years.
Teen pregnancy has been considered a "social ill" for centuries in the United States and has always challenged moral and ethical sensibilities. The economic costs of teens giving birth are significant, and there are many compelling reasons to reduce the teen pregnancy.
Research shows that reducing the number of births to teens and increasing the age at which a women gives birth yields significant cost savings for the public sector. Efforts to reduce teen pregnancy are mainly focused on prevention and sex education is a large part of the effort.
Twenty-first century sex education programs focus on two main strategies, they are: Abstinence only teaches that abstaining from sexual activity is the only truly effective way to prevent unintended pregnancy. Abstinence plus education focuses on delaying the initiation of sexual activity and recommends the use of contraception if a teen is sexually active.
The success of abstinence only education has been exaggerated according to many sociologists and researchers. Scientific research indicates that abstinence plus education is actually much more effective in preventing teen pregnancy. Solving the problem of teen pregnancy has largely been relegating to treating the symptoms of the problem and employing prevention strategies aimed at young women.
Sociologists believe that reducing the rate of teen pregnancy will require developing more comprehensive and holistic solutions in the future. Researchers, teachers, parents and community leaders are recommending and developing programs that focus on the role of boys and young men in the teen pregnancy puzzle.
Research indicates that involving boys and young men in "male only" sex education may help to significantly reduce the rate of teen pregnancy over the coming years.
The effectiveness of approaching the teen pregnancy problem from holistic or system-wide view will be documented in future research. Cultural and political attitudes toward sexuality may also hinder the formulation of a concerted effort toward confronting the problem of teen pregnancy.
Instead, policy makers, educators, researchers, and parents have generally focused on preventing teen pregnancy itself rather than on addressing the societal influences that may encourage teen pregnancy. Variables such as the age at which a teen first engages in sexual intercourse and the use or non-use of contraception can all predict the likelihood of a teen becoming pregnant.
Young, unwed women have been giving birth for centuries. The "objective conditions" around teen births have not changed significantly over time.
However, changes in the language associated with the issue illustrate significant shifts in the subjective perception of "teen pregnancy" throughout history Luker, In the Colonial era, women who gave birth outside of wedlock were called "fallen women" and considered to be sinners.
The children born out of wedlock were "bastards" or "illegitimate. During the Progressive era of the early s a more compassionate attitude toward unwed women and their children evolved.
Unplanned pregnancies were no longer considered a moral or economic problem, but rather "a societal problem, an index of what was wrong with society" Luker,p.
A stigma has long been associated with giving birth out of wedlock, and the fear and shame that went along with bearing illegitimate children kept the number of unmarried births low until relatively recent decades.
Today, many sociologists admit that the stigma is largely gone, and that its disappearance has had at least some relation to the increase in teen sexual activity and pregnancy.
The age of a woman when she has her first child has a significant impact on the public sector costs associated with the birth.
The younger the mother is, the higher the net cost of the birth Hoffman, The Public Costs of Teen Childbearing both attempted to calculated the relative costs associated with births to teens. The author of the later report described his methodology, which was similar to that of the former report: The cost estimates provided in this report are based on a very conservative research approach that only includes costs that can be confidently attributed to teen childbearing itself rather than to other traits or disadvantages that often accompany teen childbearing such as poverty Hoffman,p.
By the Numbers calculated the costs in two areas: Public sector costs associated with teen mothers and partners are calculated primarily as loss of tax revenue due to lower lifetime earnings.
Public sector costs associated with children of teens include publicly provided healthcare, foster care, and child welfare services. Teen pregnancy declined by about one-third between andconsequently reducing the number of children in poverty; by the rate of teen pregnancy was still declining.
Between and there was an additional drop of 8 percent for babies born to mothers between the ages of fifteen and nineteen. Birth rates fell by 11 percent for mothers between the ages of fifteen and seventeen.
Sociologists are eager to identify programs and policies that successfully reduce the number of teen pregnancies.Research paper formats samples teenage pregnancy. Essay on love for animals wikipedia essay topics lists nature english teacher s essay resume.
For essay writing 3 upsc mill's essay on bentham summary outline and essay writing apps about hotel essay holiday trip easy essay about parents environmental pollution?. The numbers of teenage pregnancy are very high but when you think about the numbers most could have been prevented with the use of protection.
Some people may not afford condoms but if you cannot afford a condom you cannot afford a baby. Top 25 Interesting Research Paper Topics On Teenage Pregnancy Are you in the process of writing a teenage pregnancy research paper, but have no idea how so select a topic?
It can be difficult trying to find a topic that you get emotional about, and find a lot of . Pregnancy essay can mention that there are more teenage pregnancies here than in all the other developing countries. Pregnant women are sure to look for pregnancy essay to gain information.
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