It depicts the city as it stood several decades ago as the centre of trade and commerce. The busy harbour, the Galle Face Green, parts of the Colombo Fort and several grand old buildings which are etched in detail are landmarks of Colombo even today. The artist lived in Sri Lanka, then called Ceylon, from and is considered to be among the most important artists of the 20th century.
The offices of Bursa MalaysiaMalaysia's national stock exchange known before demutualization as Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange Stock exchanges have multiple roles in the economy. This may include the following: Most of these available options might be achieved, directly or indirectly, through a stock exchange.
Going public[ edit ] Capital intensive companies, Colombo stock exchange high tech Colombo stock exchange, always need to raise high volumes of capital in their early stages. For this reason, the public market provided by the stock exchanges has been one of the most important funding sources for many capital intensive startups.
This is quite different from the situation of the s to earlys period, when a number of companies particularly Internet boom and biotechnology companies went public in the most prominent stock exchanges around the world, in the total absence of sales, earnings and any well-documented promising outcome.
Anyway, every year a number of companies, including unknown highly speculative and financially unpredictable hi-tech startups, are listed for the first time in all the major stock exchanges — there are even specialized entry markets for these kind of companies or stock indexes tracking their performance examples include the AlternextCAC SmallSDAXTecDAXor most of the third market good companies.
In order for a partnership to be of interest to investors today, the cash on cash return must be high enough to entice investors. Venture capital[ edit ] A third usual source of capital for startup companies has been venture capital. Corporate partners[ edit ] A fourth alternative source of cash for a private company is a corporate partnerusually an established multinational company, which provides capital for the smaller company in return for marketing rights, patent rights, or equity.
Corporate partnerships have been used successfully in a large number of cases. Mobilizing savings for investment[ edit ] When people draw their savings and invest in shares through an IPO or the issuance of new company shares of an already listed companyit usually leads to rational allocation of resources because funds, which could have been consumed, or kept in idle deposits with banks, are mobilized and redirected to help companies' management boards finance their organizations.
This may promote business activity with benefits for several economic sectors such as agriculture, commerce and industry, resulting in stronger economic growth and higher productivity levels of firms.
Facilitating company growth[ edit ] Companies view acquisitions as an opportunity to expand product linesincrease distribution channels, hedge against volatility, increase their market shareor acquire other necessary business assets.
A takeover bid or a merger agreement through the stock market is one of the simplest and most common ways for a company to grow by acquisition or fusion. Profit sharing[ edit ] Both casual and professional stock investorsas large as institutional investors or as small as an ordinary middle-class familythrough dividends and stock price increases that may result in capital gainsshare in the wealth of profitable businesses.
Unprofitable and troubled businesses may result in capital losses for shareholders. Corporate governance[ edit ] By having a wide and varied scope of owners, companies generally tend to improve management standards and efficiency to satisfy the demands of these shareholders and the more stringent rules for public corporations imposed by public stock exchanges and the government.
Consequently, it is alleged that public companies companies that are owned by shareholders who are members of the general public and trade shares on public exchanges tend to have better management records than privately held companies those companies where shares are not publicly traded, often owned by the company founders, their families and heirs, or otherwise by a small group of investors.
Despite this claim, some well-documented cases are known where it is alleged that there has been considerable slippage in corporate governance on the part of some public companies. The dot-com bubble in the late s, and the subprime mortgage crisis in —08, are classical examples of corporate mismanagement.
To assist in corporate governance many banks and companies worldwide utilize securities identification numbers ISIN to identify, uniquely, their stocks, bonds and other securities.
However, when poor financial, ethical or managerial records are known by the stock investorsthe stock and the company tend to lose value. In the stock exchanges, shareholders of underperforming firms are often penalized by significant share price decline, and they tend as well to dismiss incompetent management teams.
Creating investment opportunities for small investors[ edit ] As opposed to other businesses that require huge capital outlay, investing in shares is open to both the large and small stock investors because a person buys the number of shares they can afford.
Therefore, the Stock Exchange provides the opportunity for small investors to own shares of the same companies as large investors. Government capital-raising for development projects[ edit ] Governments at various levels may decide to borrow money to finance infrastructure projects such as sewage and water treatment works or housing estates by selling another category of securities known as bonds.
These bonds can be raised through the stock exchange whereby members of the public buy them, thus loaning money to the government.
The issuance of such bonds can obviate, in the short term, direct taxation of citizens to finance development—though by securing such bonds with the full faith and credit of the government instead of with collateral, the government must eventually tax citizens or otherwise raise additional funds to make any regular coupon payments and refund the principal when the bonds mature.
Barometer of the economy[ edit ] At the stock exchange, share prices rise and fall depending, largely, on economic forces. Share prices tend to rise or remain stable when companies and the economy in general show signs of stability and growth.
An economic recessiondepression, or financial crisis could eventually lead to a stock market crash. Therefore, the movement of share prices and in general of the stock indexes can be an indicator of the general trend in the economy.
Listing requirements[ edit ] Each stock exchange imposes its own listing requirements upon companies that want to be listed on that exchange.Mon, Nov 19, , GMT Nov 19, Colombo: Sri Lanka's independent National Police Commission, which is empowered to engage in activities pertaining to transfers, has summoned a report from the Inspector General of Police Pujith Jayasundera regarding the immediate transfer of a highly capable senior Police officer handling investigations into high profile crimes.
Definition of stock exchange: An exchange on which shares of stock and common stock equivalents are bought and sold.
Examples include the NYSE and the. South Korea: Korea Exchange (KRX) (consolidates Korea Stock Exchange, KOSDAQ Market and the Korea Futures Exchange). Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE) Overview.
Current Colombo Stock Exchange Trading Status, Trading Hours, Market Capitalization, Contact Information and more. Colombo Stock Exchange. likes · 2 talking about this. Finance Company. Buying and Selling Exchange Rate (TT) Search. The average buying and selling exchange rates are based on the quotes provided by major Licensed Commercial Banks in Sri Lanka at AM on daily basis, for Telegraphic Transfers (TT).