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Archaic period[ edit ] Street scene at the archeological excavations at Ephesus. After the Cimmerians had been driven away, the city was ruled by a series of tyrants. Following a revolt by the people, Ephesus was ruled by a council.
The city prospered again under a new rule, producing a number of important historical figures such as the elegiac poet Callinus  and the iambic poet Hipponaxthe philosopher Heraclitusthe great painter Parrhasius and later the grammarian Zenodotos and physicians Soranus and Rufus.
Electrum coin from Ephesus, BC. Croesus made the populations of the different settlements around Ephesus regroup synoikismos in the vicinity of the Temple of Artemis, enlarging the city.
Later in the same century, the Lydians under Croesus invaded Persia. The Ionians refused a peace offer from Cyrus the Greatsiding with the Lydians instead. After the Persians defeated Croesus, the Ionians offered to make peace, but Cyrus insisted that they surrender and become part of the empire.
Those cities were then ruled by satraps. Ephesus has intrigued archaeologists because for the Archaic Period there is no definite location for the settlement. There are numerous sites to suggest the movement of a settlement between the Bronze Age and the Roman period, but the silting up of the natural harbours as well as the movement of the Kayster River meant that the location never remained the same.
Ephesus did not contribute ships but gave financial support.
During the Peloponnesian WarEphesus was first allied to Athens[ citation needed ] but in a later phase, called the Decelean War, or the Ionian War, sided with Sparta, which also had received the support of the Persians. As a result, rule over the cities of Ionia was ceded again to Persia.
These wars did not greatly affect daily life in Ephesus.
The Ephesians were surprisingly modern in their social relations: In later times, Pliny the Elder mentioned having seen at Ephesus a representation of the goddess Diana by Timarata, the daughter of a painter.
The inhabitants of Ephesus at once set about restoring the temple and even planned a larger and grander one than the original.
The pro-Persian tyrant Syrpax and his family were stoned to death, and Alexander was greeted warmly when he entered Ephesus in triumph.
When Alexander saw that the temple of Artemis was not yet finished, he proposed to finance it and have his name inscribed on the front. But the inhabitants of Ephesus demurred, claiming that it was not fitting for one god to build a temple to another. As the river Cayster Grk. Lysimachus forced the people to move from the ancient settlement around the temple of Artemis to the present site two kilometres 1.
After the death of Lysimachus the town again was named Ephesus. Thus Ephesus became part of the Seleucid Empire. Roman period[ edit ] The 'terrace houses' at Ephesus, showing how the wealthy lived during the Roman period.Dirmstein is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, plombier-nemours.com its roughly 3, inhabitants, it is the thirdlargest Ortsgemeinde in the Verbandsgemeinde of Leiningerland, whose seat is in Grünstadt, although that town is itself not in the Verbandsgemeinde.
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