Trends Affecting Public Transit's Effectiveness -- A Review and Proposed Actions - November This report examines a range of socioeconomic and demographic trends, as well as changes in land use and mobility patterns in order to identify some questions, opportunities, and potential actions for consideration in the formulation of future strategic directions for transit in the community. The objectives of the study are to distill the medium-to-longer trends and the challenges they create for transit system effectiveness and for the industry as a whole. Weyrich and William S. Lind describes the benefits of transit service for people who do not ordinarily ride it.
Transportation and Economic Development Authors: Jean-Paul Rodrigue and Dr. Theo Notteboom The development of transportation systems is embedded within the scale and context in which they take place; from the local to the global and from environmental, historical, technological and economic perspectives.
The Economic Importance of Transportation The development of transportation systems takes place in a socioeconomic context. Development can be defined as improving the welfare of a society through appropriate social, political and economic conditions. The expected outcomes are quantitative and qualitative improvements in human capital e.
While in the previous decades, development policies and strategies tended to focus on physical capital, recent years has seen a better balance by including human capital issues.
Irrespective of the relative importance of physical versus human capital, development cannot occur without both interacting as infrastructures cannot remain effective without proper operations and maintenance while economic activities cannot take place without an infrastructure base.
The highly transactional and service oriented functions of many transport activities underline the complex relationship between its physical and human capital needs.
For instance, effective logistics both relies on infrastructures and managerial expertise. Because of its intensive use of infrastructuresthe transport sector is an important component of the economy and a common tool used for development. This is even more so in a global economy where economic opportunities have been increasingly related to the mobility of people, goods and information.
A relation between the quantity and quality of transport infrastructure and the level of economic development is apparent. When transport systems are efficient, they provide economic and social opportunities and benefits that result in positive multipliers effects such as better accessibility to markets, employment and additional investments.
At the aggregate level, efficient transportation reduces costs in many economic sectors, while inefficient transportation increases these costs.
In addition, the impacts of transportation are not always intended and can have unforeseen or unintended consequences. For instance, congestion is often an unintended consequence in the provision of free or low cost transport infrastructure to the users.
However, congestion is also the indication of a growing economy where capacity and infrastructure have difficulties keeping up with the rising mobility demands. Transport carries an important social and environmental load, which cannot be neglected.
These involve core the physical characteristics of transportationoperational and geographical dimensions: The most fundamental impacts of transportation relate to the physical capacity to convey passengers and goods and the associated costs to support this mobility.
This involves the setting of routes enabling new or existing interactions between economic entities.
Improvement in the time performance, notably in terms of reliability, as well as reduced loss or damage. This implies a better utilization level of existing transportation assets benefiting its users as passengers and freight are conveyed more rapidly and with less delays.
Access to a wider market base where economies of scale in production, distribution and consumption can be improved. Increases in productivity from the access to a larger and more diverse base of inputs raw materials, parts, energy or labor and broader markets for diverse outputs intermediate and finished goods.
Another important geographical impacts concerns the influence of transport on the location of activities and its impacts on land values. The economic importance of the transportation industry can thus be assessed from a macroeconomic and microeconomic perspective: At the macroeconomic level the importance of transportation for a whole economytransportation and the mobility it confers are linked to a level of output, employment and income within a national economy.
Further, the value of all transportation assets, including infrastructures and vehicles, can easily account for half the GDP of an advanced economy. At the microeconomic level the importance of transportation for specific parts of the economy transportation is linked to producer, consumer and production costs.
The importance of specific transport activities and infrastructure can thus be assessed for each sector of the economy. For instance, transportation companies purchase a part of their inputs fuel, supplies, maintenance from local suppliers.
The production of these inputs generates additional value-added and employment in the local economy. The suppliers in turn purchase goods and services from other local firms. There are further rounds of local re-spending which generate additional value-added and employment.
Similarly, households that receive income from employment in transport activities spend some of their income on local goods and services. These purchases result in additional local jobs and added value.
Some of the household income from these additional jobs is in turn spent on local goods and services, thereby creating further jobs and income for local households. As a result of these successive rounds of re-spending in the framework of local purchases, the overall impact on the economy exceeds the initial round of output, income and employment generated by passenger and freight transport activities.
The outcome of improved capacity and efficiency where transport provides employment, added value, larger markets as well as time and costs improvements. The overall demand of an economy is increasing. The outcome of improved accessibility and economies of scale.
Indirect value-added and jobs are the result of local purchases by companies directly dependent upon transport activity.ROLE OF TRANSPORTATION IN SOCIETY NPTEL May 7, Chapter 3 Role of transportation in society of the importance of transportation in the modern society by presenting selected characteristics of existing decision of construction and maintenance of roads has resulted in the development of transportation system.
transportation in sustainable development such as promoting public transportation, demand management, improving road management, pricing policies, vehicle . Considered to be a discussion of the importance of the development of american transportation of immediate interest but Natural Gas Industry Safety Programs Because safety is the natural gas industry's top priority.
at the Hilton Waterfront hotel Building Background Knowledge for Academic Achievement by Robert J Marzano Table of .
The Best of Transportation TED Talks: Part 1.
discusses how American development patterns built around the automobile have resulted in a “national automobile slum [of] places not worth caring about.” The Best of Transportation TED Talks: Part 2 | Paul Goddin.
January 31st, Saving Communities Bringing prosperity through freedom, equality, local autonomy and respect for the commons. The Importance of Transportation. Water transportation dictated development patterns in North America, just as it . This paper by the Free Congress Foundation Center for Transportation reviews the history and background of the development of our surface transportation system, and the salient issues surrounding investment in the system, and offers some brief policy conclusions.